ACCRINGTON BENJAMIN HARGREAVES CE (VA) PRIMARY SCHOOL
We, at Benjamin Hargreaves, strive for excellence in education by providing a safe, secure, caring family environment, where all are valued and respected as individuals, enabling them to reach their full potential, whilst growing in their love and understanding of the Christian Faith.
This School recognises that asthma is a widespread, serious but controllable condition affecting many pupils. The School positively welcomes all pupils with asthma.
Our School encourages pupils with asthma to achieve their potential in all aspects of school life by having a clear policy that is understood by school staff, their employers (the Governing Body) and pupils. Supply teachers and new staff are also made aware of the policy.
At the beginning of each school year or when a child joins the School, parents/carers are asked if their child has any medical conditions, including asthma, on their Medical Needs Form. All medical needs are disseminated to school staff.
Medication to treat the symptoms of asthma comes in the form of inhalers. Some children will have ‘a preventer inhaler’ (brown); these are children who have moderate to severe asthma. This type of inhaler is used daily to try to reduce the number of asthma attacks. All children will have a ‘reliever inhaler’ (blue). Reliever inhalers work by relaxing the muscles surrounding the airways, therefore, making breathing easier. Reliever inhalers are essential for treating children who have asthma during an attack.
Immediate access to reliever medicines is essential and pupils with asthma in KS2 are encouraged to carry their inhaler and in KS1 an adult is in charge of these. All inhalers are labelled with the child’s name.
School staff are not required to administer asthma medicines to pupils except in an emergency; at which point the adult will be asked if h/she is happy to administer such medicine. School staff who agree to administer medicines are insured by the local education authority when acting in agreement with this policy. All school staff will let pupils take their own medicines when they need to.
Exercise and activity – PE and games
Taking part in sports, games and activities is an essential part of school life for all pupils. All teachers know which children in their class have asthma and all PE teachers at School are aware of which pupils have asthma from the School’s Medical Needs Register.
Pupils with asthma are encouraged to participate fully in all PE lessons and/or out of school activities. If a pupil needs to use his/her inhaler during a lesson he/she will be encouraged to do so.
Classroom teachers follow the same principles as described above for other games and activities involving physical activity.
Out-of-School activities, trips and outings
The School will consider asthma triggers when planning out-of-school activities and will ensure there is a member of staff trained in First Aid in attendance. Pupils must ensure they bring the correct inhaler, which must be labelled. Failure to do so may result in pupils not being allowed to attend, if parents/carers cannot be contacted.
The School does all that it can to ensure the school environment is favourable to pupils with asthma. The School has a definitive No-Smoking Policy. As far as possible School does not use chemicals in Science and Art lessons which are potential triggers for pupils with asthma.
When a pupil is falling behind in lessons
If a pupil is missing a lot of time at School or is always tired because his/her asthma is disturbing their sleep at night, the class teacher will initially talk to the parents/carers to work out how to prevent their child from falling behind. If appropriate, the teacher will then talk to the school nurse and Special Educational Needs and Disabilities Coordinator about the pupil’s needs. School recognises that it is possible for pupils with asthma to have special education needs due to their asthma.
All staff who come into contact with pupils with asthma know what to do in the event of an asthma attack.
In the event of an asthma attack School follows the procedure outlined in Appendix A.
The Headteacher will:
School staff will:
PE teachers will:
field trips and other out-of-school activities such as school team sports;
getting worse or they are sleeping badly due to their asthma);
To be reviewed: June 2018
Procedure for treatment to be given during an asthma attack
Common signs of an asthma attack:
• shortness of breath;
• feeling tight in the chest;
• being unusually quiet;
• difficulty speaking in full sentences.
What to do
• keep calm;
• encourage the child or young person to sit up and lean slightly forward – do not hug or lay down;
• make sure the child or young person takes two puffs of reliever inhaler (usually blue) immediately (preferably through a spacer);
• ensure tight clothing is loosened;
• reassure the child.
If there is no immediate improvement:
Continue to make sure the child or young person takes two puffs of reliever inhaler every two minutes until the symptoms improve.
Call 999 and the parent/carer urgently if:
• the child or young person’s symptoms do not improve in 5–10 minutes;
• the child or young person is too breathless or exhausted to talk;
• the child or young person’s lips are blue;
• you are in doubt.
Important things to remember in an asthma attack:
• Never leave a pupil having an asthma attack;
• In an emergency situation school staff are required under common law, duty of care, to act like any reasonably prudent parent;
• Reliever medicine is very safe. During an asthma attack do not worry about a pupil overdosing.
• Send another pupil to get another teacher/adult if an ambulance needs to be called.
• Contact the pupil’s parents/carers immediately after calling the ambulance/doctor.
• A member of staff should always accompany a pupil taken to hospital by ambulance and stay with them until their parent/carer arrives.
• If staff have to take pupils to hospital in their own car they must be accompanied by another member of staff and have the appropriate car insurance. However, in some situations, it may be the best course of action.
• Another adult should always accompany anyone driving a pupil having an asthma attack to emergency services.