ACCRINGTON BENJAMIN HARGREAVES C.E. (V.A.) PRIMARY SCHOOL
We at Benjamin Hargreaves, strive for excellence in education by providing a safe, secure, caring family environment, where all are valued and respected as individuals, enabling them to reach their full potential, whilst growing in their love and understanding of the Christian Faith.
AIMS OF SCIENCE POLICY
Our Science Policy follows The National Curriculum 2014 for Science Guidelines and aims to ensure that all pupils:
PURPOSE OF STUDY-WHY TEACH SCIENCE?
A high-quality Science education provides foundations for understanding the world. Science has changed our lives and is vital to the world’s future prosperity. Through building key foundational knowledge and concepts, pupils should be encouraged to recognise the power of rational explanation and develop a sense of excitement and curiosity about natural phenomena. They should be encouraged to understand how key knowledge and concepts can be used to explain what is occurring, predict how things will behave, and analyse causes. This understanding should be consolidated through their appreciation of applications of Science in society and the economy.
In teaching Science we are developing in our children:
The programmes of study for Science are set out year-by-year for Key Stages 1 and 2. We are however, only required to teach the relevant programme of study by the end of the key stage. Within each key stage, School has the flexibility to introduce content earlier or later than set out in the programme of study and may introduce key stage content during an earlier key stage if appropriate.
Teachers will base their planning on the programmes of study for their relevant year groups.
Scientific knowledge and conceptual understanding
The programmes of study describe a sequence of knowledge and concepts. While it is important that pupils make progress, it is also vitally important that they develop secure understanding of each key block of knowledge and concepts in order to progress to the next stage.
Pupils should be able to describe associated processes and key characteristics in common language, but they should also be familiar with, and use, technical terminology accurately and precisely. They should build up an extended specialist vocabulary. They should also apply their mathematical knowledge to their understanding of Science, including collecting, presenting and analysing data.
The nature, processes and methods of science
‘Working scientifically’ specifies the understanding of the nature, processes and methods of Science for each year group. It should not be taught as a separate strand.
By the end of each key stage, pupils are expected to know, apply and understand the matters, skills and processes specified in the relevant programme of study.
Key Stage 1
The main focus of science teaching in Key Stage 1 is to enable pupils to experience and observe phenomena, looking more closely at the natural and humanly-constructed world around them. They should be encouraged to be curious and ask questions about what they notice. They should be helped to develop their understanding of scientific ideas by using different types of scientific enquiry to answer their own questions, including observing changes over a period of time, noticing patterns, grouping and classifying things, carrying out simple comparative tests and finding things out using secondary sources of information. They should begin to use simple scientific language to talk about what they have found out and communicate their ideas to a range of audiences in a variety of ways. Most of the learning about Science should be done through the use of first-hand practical experiences, but there should also be some use of appropriate secondary sources, such as books, photographs and videos.
Pupils should read and spell scientific vocabulary at a level consistent with their reading and spelling knowledge at Key Stage 1.
Lower Key Stage 2 – Years 3 and 4
The main focus of Science teaching in Lower Key Stage 2 is to enable pupils to broaden their scientific view of the world around them. They should do this through exploring, talking about, testing and developing ideas about everyday phenomena and the relationships between living things and familiar environments, and by beginning to develop their ideas about functions, relationships and interactions. They should ask their own questions about what they observe and make some decisions about which types of scientific enquiry are likely to be the best ways of answering them, including observing changes over time, noticing patterns, grouping and classifying things, carrying out simple fair tests and finding things out using secondary sources of information. They should draw simple conclusions and use some scientific language, first, to talk about and, later, to write about what they have found out.
‘Working scientifically’ must always be taught through and clearly related to substantive science content in the programme of study.
Pupils should read and spell scientific vocabulary correctly and with confidence, using their growing reading and spelling knowledge.
Upper Key Stage 2 – Years 5-6 The main focus of Science teaching in Upper Key Stage 2 is to enable pupils to develop a deeper understanding of a wide range of scientific ideas. They should do this through exploring and talking about their ideas; asking their own questions about scientific phenomena; and analysing functions, relationships and interactions more systematically. At upper Key Stage 2, they should encounter more abstract ideas and begin to recognise how these ideas help them to understand and predict how the world operates. They should also begin to recognise that scientific ideas change and develop over time. They should select the most appropriate ways to answer Science questions using different types of scientific enquiry, including observing changes over different periods of time, noticing patterns, grouping and classifying things, carrying out fair tests and finding things out using a wide range of secondary sources of information. Pupils should draw conclusions based on their data and observations, use evidence to justify their ideas, and use their scientific knowledge and understanding to explain their findings. Pupils should read, spell and pronounce scientific vocabulary correctly.
‘Working and thinking scientifically’ must always be taught through and clearly related to substantive Science content in the programme of study.
MONITORING AND EVALUATION
The Subject Leader follows the School Self Evaluation for Subject Leaders’ Guidelines and is achieved through;
Following COSHH guidance ‘Be Safe’.
Following the guidelines in the whole School Policy on Parental Involvement in their Children’s Education, parents may be involved in class based work if they can offer a particular skill or extend and compliment the class teacher’s skills and knowledge.
Following whole School Policy based on National requirements and LCC guidelines.
Refer to the whole School Marking Policy.
Review date: July 2017